SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL of the Hungarian Society of Cardiology

The role of anxiety, depression and health locus of control in metabolic syndrome

█ Review

DOI: 10.26430/CHUNGARICA.2020.50.5.365

Rafael Beatrix1,2,3, Péter Lea3, Kósa István1
1SZTE ÁOK, Preventív Medicina Tanszék, Szeged
2SZTE BTK, Pszichológiai Intézet, Szeged
3Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ, Ápolásvezetési és Szakdolgozói Oktatási Igazgatás, Szeged


The publication aims to analyse the connection between depression, anxiety, and health locus of control with metabolic snydrome.
The number of patients suffering from metabolic syndrome (MS) is growing continually. The exploration of those well-known risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes is important as with the modification of these factors we can prevent this syndrome and the quality of life can be improved.
According to the investigations occupying with obesity (BMI >30) unipolar depressive disorders, panic disorder, and bipolar disorders are present 20-45% more than in the population living with normal weight. A significant connection is found between depressive disorders and visceral obesity in men, while the connection between depression and hypoglycemia is representative in women. The metabolic syndrome is present in the case of unipolar depression 40-48% while the rate of presence in bipolar disorders is between 25-49%.
The internal health locus of control influences health behavior determining health surveillance this way. The internal health locus of control is closely related to positive health behavior and feelings while the two groups of while the two groups of external health locus of control (powerful other locus and chance locus) are connected with more unhealthy ways of behavior (smoking, alcohol, unhealthy food, fewer exercises) which can increase the development of metabolic syndrome.
The treatment of metabolic syndrome is particularly the change of lifestyle. The permanent weight-loss and the change of lifestyle are parts of a long and complex process where the psychosocial factors also have significant roles.


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