Echocardiographic assessment of the myocardial dysfunction in diabetes
Hajdu Máté, Maren Oedven Knutsen oh., Faludi Réka
Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Klinikai Központ, Szívgyógyászati Klinika, Pécs
The increasing prevalence of diabetes represents an emerging global health problem. Cardiovascular complications are responsible for the majority of deaths in this disease. Myocardial dysfunction affects all cardiac chambers, thus early screening of diabetes-related cardiac complications is crucial. Tissue Doppler and speckle tracking-derived strain technics allow the early diagnosis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Recent studies suggest that strict glycaemic control is the most effective therapeutic approach to prevent cardiac complications in diabetes. The aim of our review is to demonstrate the pathophysiology of the diabetic cardiomyopathy, the new echocardiographic technics for the assessment of the subclinical myocardial involvement and the current findings obtained by the help of these modern techniques.