Chances of a standardized patient education program in residential cardiac rehabilitation
Tiringer István1, Nagy Alexandra2, Teleki Szidalisz3, Žilinski Nikolett4, Szabados Eszter4
1Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Magatartástudományi Intézet, Pécs
2Állami Szívkórház, Balatonfüred
3Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Bölcsésztudományi Kar, Pszichológia Intézet, Pécs
4Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Klinikai Központ, I. sz. Belgyógyászati Klinika, Kardiológiai Rehabilitációs Tanszék, Pécs
Our publication presents such a new approach to patient education, which we have learned over the past few years by using a standardized, manualized patient education program in residential cardiac rehabilitation. According to this new approach, the empowerment of patients establishes that they can cope with the illness-related problems in their everyday life. The starting point in this process is that patients receive information about their illness and their treatment according to their needs. Learning realistic attitudes and adequate skills requires education methods the aim of which is to promote active participation and to communicate and discuss one’s illness-related ideas and experiences. Active participation of patients’ supports the development of responsibility and the implementation of the skills learned in the daily life of patients’. In the second half of this publication the program “Curriculum coronary heart disease” is presented, which served as the basis of our patient education practice. This program consists of five consecutive modules, which was developed in a multidisciplinary collaboration. The parts of the program that deal with reducing risk factors and changing health behaviour were derived from the established health psychology model. In our own experience, the use of this standardized, manualized patient education program is made easy by its structure and elaboration. These characteristics are not only prerequisites for the quality of the application but are also very helpful in regulating the group dynamic processes that can develop when discussing lifestyle change issues.